Reproductive processes Regeneration refers to the capacity of trees to produce offspring. Regeneration can be sexual or vegetative. In sexual regeneration, trees produce seeds that germinate under favourable conditions to provide established seedlings that can carry out the vital physiological processes needed for growth. Trees start to flower and produce seeds when they pass their
Authors & references
Seppo Kellomäki (Professor Emeritus, University of Eastern Finland) has modified and updated the text from the reference “Kellomäki, S. 2009. Trees, forests and forest ecosystems. In: Kellomäki, S. (Ed.). Forest Resources and Sustainable Management. 2nd edition. Paper Engineers’ Association, Helsinki, Finland. pp. 16-96”.
Henttonen, H., Kanninen, M., Nygren, M., and Ojansuu, R. 1986. The maturation of Scots pine seeds in relation to temperature climate in Northern Finland. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 1(2): 243–249.
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