Light within tree and tree population and carbon fixation The physiological processes of trees occur in single trees, but they mediate the effects of trees on each other when trees are growing in a population or community. A population of trees (or tree stand) is an assemblage of trees occupying the same site. Tree crowns
Authors & references
Seppo Kellomäki (Professor Emeritus, University of Eastern Finland) has modified and updated the text from the reference “Kellomäki, S. 2009. Trees, forests and forest ecosystems. In: Kellomäki, S. (Ed.). Forest Resources and Sustainable Management. 2nd edition. Paper Engineers’ Association, Helsinki, Finland. pp. 16-96”.
Kellomäki, S., and Väisänen, H. 1997. Modelling the dynamics of the boreal forest ecosystems for climate change studies in the boreal conditions. Ecological Modelling 97(1,2): 121–140.
Oker-Blom, P. 1985. Photosynthesis of Scots pine shoot: simulation of the irradiance distribution and photosynthesis of a shoot in different radiation fields. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 34(1): 31–40.
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