Artificial Intelligence – yesterday and today History of Artificial Intelligence (AI) From the early history of Artificial Intelligence a couple of names show up: 1 a Catalan poet and theologian Ramon Llull (1305). He used a paper-built mechanical machine to create new knowledge by combining the existing concepts. 2 a German mathematician and philosopher Gottfried
Authors & references
Professor Emeritus Kauko Leiviskä, University of Oulu
Lullus, R. 2020. Ars magna generalis et ultima . antehac nusquam arti impressoriae commendata . intextis annotationibus. Reprint of 1596 edition, original 1305. Pranava Books.
Leibniz, G.W. 1666. Dissertatio de arte combinatoria, 1666. Available in: Sämtliche Schriften und Briefe (Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1923), A VI 1, p. 163; Philosophische Schriften (Gg Olms, 1961) Bd. IV, p. 30.
McCorduck, P. 2004. Machines Who Think (2nd ed.). (A. K. Peters Ltd, Natick, MA). ISBN 1-56881-205-1, pp. 161–170.
McCarthy, J., Minsky, M., Rochester, N., Shannon, C. 1955. A Proposal for the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence, August 31, 1955. AI Magazine 27(4), 12-14.
Yao, X., Zhou, J., Zhang, J., Boër, C.R. 2017. From Intelligent Manufacturing to Smart Manufacturing for Industry 4.0 Driven by Next Generation Artificial Intelligence and Further On. 5th IEEE International Conference on Enterprise Systems, pp. 311-318.
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