Energy use in sulphate (kraft) pulp production Kraft pulping uses significant amounts of heat and electricity. These are typically produced by burning the residues of pulping; black liquor, bark and waste wood. Energy consumption in most modern mills is significantly lower than in older mills mainly because of lower water consumption, increased secondary heat use
Authors & references
Professor Esa Vakkilainen, LUT University
Markus Nieminen, ÅF Poyry
Nieminen, M. (2007). Energy utilisation in kraft pulp mills. M.Sc. Thesis, Aalto University Helsinki.
Bachmann, D. (2009). Energy Benchmarking in the Pulp and Paper Industry. O Papel, July, 72-76.
Francis, D. et al. (2004). Energy cost reduction in the pulp and paper industry. Pulp and Paper Association of Canada. ISBN 066266163X
Fogelholm, C-J. et al. (1999). Heat and power co-generation. In: Chemical Pulping Book 6B, Jyväskylä: Fapet Oy
Institute of Paper Science and Technology. (2006). Pulp and Paper Industry. Energy Bandwidth Study. Atlanta, GA.
Vakkilainen, E. et al. (2014). Increasing electricity generation from recovery boilers. 2014 International Chemical Recovery Conference, June 8-13, Tampere, Finland.
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