Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) Cellulose nanofibrils can be produced from various cellulose-containing raw materials. Wood pulps are a typical source but various annual plants and industrial side-streams, for example from food processing or paper mills, have potential as well. CNFs are manufactured by mechanical treatments, for example by grinding, homogenisation or microfluidisation. During mechanical treatment, the
Authors & references
Heli Kangas, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
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